Sao Tome and Principe signed the text of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) at the Earth Summit held in Rio de Janeiro in 1992 and six years later ratified the Convention. The country also ratified the Kyoto Protocol in 2008.
In compliance with the Convention, between 2001 and 2004 Sao Tome and Principe drafted its Initial National Communication that was presented in COP held in Montreal. In the same context the Second National Communication was drafted and submitted to the Secretariat in December 2011 and presented at the 40th session of the Subsidiary Bodies of the Convention which took place in June 2014. In addition to these documents, the country has developed a National Strategy for Implementation of the Convention, as well as the National Action Plan for Adaptation to Climate Change (NAPA).
With the implementation of the Adaptation project for Africa (AAP) funded by the Japanese government, some of the priority actions identified in the NAPA have been implemented and have been found to be imperative to integrate the issue of climate change in national development. This is necessary in order to guarantee the sustainability of actions already taken as well as other currently underway as part of the adaptation project in coastal areas, not to mention those that are planned and about to receive funding. As examples stands out, with funding from the GEF, the project of adaptation in coastal communities identified in the NAPA as the most vulnerable and is also ongoing resource mobilization activities with the various partners, to implement the various projects identified in the same document to tackle climate change and achieve sustainable development.
Sao Tome and Principe is in preparation of the National Adaptation Plan process (NAP).
Following the Decision 1/CP20 Sao Tome and Principe has drafted its Intentional Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC), which is subjected to support from the international community, intending to contribute to the overall objectives of greenhouse gas emission reduction and vulnerability reduction through the implementation of policies.
The National Commission on Climate Change was created and is an inter-ministerial body incumbent also the Designated National Authority. The National Institute of Meteorology as Focal Point for climate change in partnership with the Directorate General of Environment coordinate all actions related to climate change in Sao Tome and Principe. Responding to these activities and to a better coordination the establishment of a platform on climate change which should articulate intersectorally the problem, including issues Monitoring, Reporting and Verification (MRV) and Adaptation was suggested.