Mozambique, as a signatory to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) since 1995, has taken a range of actions to mitigate Greenhouse Gases’ (GHG) emissions and to climate proof its development policies to respond to the impacts of climate change and promote cooperation in fields such as scientific, technological, technical and socioeconomic research, systematic observation, education, training and public awareness and encouragement for full stakeholders’ participation in the process, including the NGOs. Mozambique is also a signatory of the Hyogo Action Plan (2005-2015), which guides the main actions to disaster risk reduction, including those related to climatic events.
In response its commitments Mozambique approved the Green Economy Action Plan and the National Strategy for Adaptation and Mitigation of Climate Change, with the horizon of 2030 and already being implemented. This aims to "establish the directives for action to build resilience, including the reduction of climate risks, communities and the national economy and promote the development of low carbon and green economy by their integration into the sector planning and local processes". This Strategy defines, among others, the integration of the theme in the various sectoral policies, which recognize climate change as a major issue involving the various national actors.
Being a particularly vulnerable country to climate change and having prioritized adaptation Mozambique submitted its Intentional Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) in order to ensure its resilience and limit the average global temperature increase to 2°C and increase its resilience.
The Ministry of the Land, Environment and Rural Development (MITADER) acts as UNFCCC’s national focal point.